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  • ባይሶዎች እና ባይሶኛ

    @AELC   5 months ago
    የኢትዮጵያ ቋንቋዎችና ባህሎች አካዳሚ
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  • @AELC   5 months ago
    የኢትዮጵያ ቋንቋዎችና ባህሎች አካዳሚ


    ባይሶዎች በደቡብ ብሔሮች፣ ብሄረሰቦች እና ህዝቦች ክልላዊ መንግስት በጋሞ ጎፋ ዞን በምዕራብ አባያ ወረዳ ጊዲቾ ተብሎ በሚጠራው በአባያ ሀይቅ ትልቁ ደሴት ላይ እና በሀይቁ በስተምዕራብ ዳርቻ ባሉት ቀበሌዎች ውስጥ ይኖራሉ። ቋንቋቸውም ባይሶኛ ተብሎ ይጠራል። በሀይቁ ዳርቻ፥ በአልጌ ቀበሌ ገበሬ ማህበርና በሌሎች ቀበሌዎች የሰፈሩትና በደሴቱ ላይ የሚኖሩት ባይሶዎችና ሀሮዎች በአንድነት ጊዲቾ በመባል ይታወቃሉ። ቁጥራቸውም በ1994 ዓ/ም በተደረገው የህዝብና የቤት ቆጠራ መሰረት 5,483 ነው ። 


    ባይሶዎች በአንድ በኩል የኩሽ ቋንቋ ቤተሰብ ከሆኑት የኦሮምኛ፣ የጌዲኦኛና የሲዳምኛ ቋንቋ ተናጋሪዎች ጋር በሌላ በኩል ደግሞ የኦሞአዊ ቋንቋ ቤተሰብ ከሆኑት የወላይትኛና የጋሞኛ ተናጋሪዎች ጋር ወሰንተኛ ከመሆናቸው የተነሳ ከባይሶኛ በተጨማሪ ኦሮሚኛ፥ጌዲኦኛ፣ ሲዳምኛ፥ ወላይትኛ እና ጋሞኛ ቋንቋዎችን እንዲሁም ደሴቲቱ ላይ የሚነገረውን ሀሮኛንና የክልሉ የስራ ቋንቋ የሆነውን አማርኛ ቋንቋን የሚናገሩ ልሳነ ብዙ ማህበረሰብ ናቸው። 


    በአካባቢው ከሚኖሩት ሌሎች ቋንቋዎች ተናጋሪዎች ጋር ባላቸው መጠነ ሰፊ ግንኙነት ሳቢያ ባይሶዎች በይበልጥ በሌሎች ያካባቢው ትላልቅ ቋንቋዎች የመጠቀም አዝማሚያ ይታይባቸዋል። በመሆኑም አሁን ካለው የቋንቋው ተናጋሪዎች ብዛት አንፃር ሲታይ የመጥፋት አደጋ ካንዣበበባቸው የኢትዮጵያ ቋንቋዎች አንዱ ነው ተብሎ ይታመናል። 


    ምንጭ:

    አበበ ቀኖ ፣ ሃረገወይን ከበደ ፣ አለማየሁ ጉርሙ (2015 እ/ኤ/አ)

    የኢትዮጵያ ቋንቋዎች እና ባህሎች አካዳሚ።

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  • @AELC   5 months ago
    የኢትዮጵያ ቋንቋዎችና ባህሎች አካዳሚ

    The Bayso (also known as Baiso, Gidicho or Alkali) people live in the villages along the western shores and islands of Lake Abaya in the South Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Regional State of Ethiopia.


    Although the reports of different writers differ concerning the population size of the Bayso people, it is between 2,000 and 3,500 (Cf. SIL International (2005), Brenzinger (1999) and Siebert & Hoeft (2001)). According to CSA (2007), the total population of the Gidicho community which includes the sum total of the Bayso and the Harro1 peoples is 5483. 


    The Bayso people live on fishing, cultivating maize, rearing cattle and goats, and weaving. Bayso is the name used by the entire community to refer to themselves and to their language. The language belongs to a Low-Land East Cushitic group, and it is one of the least studied and little-known languages of Ethiopia. Bayso is spoken at the frontier between languages belong to Cushitic and Omotic families. The geographically nearest languages to Bayso are Oromo and Gedeo from Cushitic, and Haro, Gamo and Wolaitta from Omotic. The Bayso living in the villages along the western shore of Lake Abaya have better competence in Gamo and Wolaitta where as those living on Gidicho Island have better competence in Haro and Oromo languages. Due to the interactions of the two people at Malka Market (a market situated in Gedeo land), the Bayso living on Gidicho2 Island also speak Gedeo. However, all Bayso speak their language with no sign of language shift (Brenzinger, 1999). 


    Brenzinger (in Mous, 2002) reports that Bayso is under gradual shift to the dominant languages namely Wolaitta and Oromo. Moreover, the interactions of the people with different neighboring ethnic groups and the fact that the language is not taught and/or not the medium of instruction at least in elementary schools may put the language in a precarious situation. The majority of the Bayso people speak quite a number of languages including Gamo, Wolaitta, Gats’ame, Oromo, and Amharic besides Bayso and Harro. According to (R. Siebert & L.Hoeft 2001), though all the Bayso children speak their language, they question whether it would make sense to use the language, as the Bayso speakers are few in number. This kind of attitude by the Bayso children towards their language is an indicator of the endangerment situation for the language. 


    Source:

    Abebe Keno, Haregewoin Kebede, Alemayehu Gurmu (2015)

    Academy of Ethiopian Languages and Cultures.

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  • @AELC   5 months ago
    የኢትዮጵያ ቋንቋዎችና ባህሎች አካዳሚ

    Bayso hagga hegel killil gosa gosajjol kabarisaro wono hegeli Gamo Gofa Zone orro mirabe Abaya woradaayi tagitto goleto Gidicho ta-amamatto odolayne beke o- abayyakko sarredde ariiti mankone eyatonne Algi kale bee addeesame ka-hamas's'ero go-lero, Yayik'e Wajjifo, Shink'ik'ona K'orga ka-amamaro k'abalejjoli ade gosajjol kakaleneta leledame; mergene ade, Guji Oromo ka-amamaro gosa wota nogodaay hamas's'e ka-giro gosaya. Gidicho oddola orro tagitta Bayso taalalta heʔi tatiso ade tabaysoo amamte uumamata. Ibaaddo ka-baysokokki mege ade Gidicho amame uumamamara. Tototo ootiso adeen gees ka-iisano kuma 1nne 9boolne 87yi kabero istaatiksikoti toto male kuma 1nne 2 boolenna 88ya. 


    Bayso mina tonne kushi amame ka-uumamaro heʔikkoti toto hegel kagiro go lero iso orrokko ade, heʔi ta Sidamaa, Geediyoonna Oromooneta essella abta. Mina takkalenne ade, heʔi taommowun min kalaro heʔijjolalineta herregowun goante, tawolataa, tagamoonna takkalee madarite ayeesata. Gidicho ta amana odola orro tagitta Bayso adde, tabayso talal ayeesata. Hikako ade, Bayso dubba hagga hegel killili gosa gosajjol kabarisara wono heʔi tafelo tayelatero heʔi ta-amaara madarte ayeesata. 


    Hikkako kegure, Bayso dolle gagiro gosajjolaalneta essella tajjin manko abto maran heʔi tatiso ayeesata. Hansuun, heʔi tabayso Itiyop’iyaa orro bayin tagabalanteto heʔijjolal orrokko too amante deyamata. 


    Source:

    Abebe Keno, Haregewoin Kebede, Alemayehu Gurmu (2015)

    Academy of Ethiopian Languages and Cultures.

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